FULL TEXT OF LETTER AND SIGNATURES

13 October 2015

Dear Prime Minister Harper and the government of Canada,

We, the undersigned, are Canadian university and college faculty members, researchers and teachers.  We write to urge the government of Canada in the strongest terms to increase immediately Canada’s commitments to refugee resettlement and to addressing issues of statelessness.  We ask this in light of the current and ongoing refugee crisis in Syria, the surrounding region, and worldwide.

Canada is bound by international legal protection obligations, implemented in Canadian domestic law, not only to refugees as defined under the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and 1967 Optional Protocol (to which Canada is a party), but also to those at real risk of serious human rights violations if returned to their home countries (the duty of “non-refoulement”), under international human rights treaty law and customary international law.

Canada also has an important history in the area of refugee resettlement.  As we have been reminded repeatedly in the media in recent weeks, our successes include large-scale refugee resettlement programmes for the Hungarians in 1956, Czechs in 1968, South Asians from Uganda in 1972, Chileans in 1973 and – most significantly in terms of numbers – about 60,000 Vietnamese between 1978 and 1980.  Most recently, we airlifted over 5,000 Kosovan refugees in 1999 (and, within two months, resettled them in communities across Canada with a year’s worth of government financial support).

To put the numbers in perspective, when Canada resettled the Kosovan refugees, the total refugee population from that conflict was less than one million persons.  By contrast, persons forcibly displaced from and within Syria alone currently number close to 10 million.  The global population of refugees and internally displaced persons is over 60 million – the highest it has been since the Second World War.  This equates to approximately 1 in 122 people worldwide, or 0.8% of the world’s population, and represents a 13% increase in the last year and a 59% increase in the last decade.  The numbers of effectively stateless persons are also substantial.

Many states have stepped up to assist.  Germany expects approximately 800,000 refugees and migrants to arrive this year.  It has set aside €6 billion to assist and has made a multi-year commitment on resettlement.  France announced in early September that it would accept 24,000 refugees for resettlement this year.  The UK will resettle 20,000 Syrian refugees.  A new agreement among EU Ministers concluded just days ago provides for the resettlement of 120,000 refugees to ease the burdens on Greece and Italy, two of the primary European receiving states.  The United States has agreed to admit 10,000 Syrians among a total of 85,000 resettled refugees in 2016 and another 100,000 resettled refugees in 2017, and Australia will resettle 12,000 Syrian refugees this year in addition to its existing commitments.

By contrast, the government of Canada has refused to move beyond its pre-existing resettlement commitments.  Furthermore, in recent years your government’s operational and legislative changes have made it increasingly difficult for Canada to meet even these extremely modest undertakings.  Limited staffing in offices processing sponsorship and refugee status applications, and more bureaucracy, have slowed the process almost to a halt for many potential private sponsors.  At the same time, the government of Canada has offloaded more and more of its resettlement obligations onto these private sponsorship groups, decimating the principle of additionality (ie that private sponsorships should supplement, not replace, government-assisted refugees).  Further, as the government of Canada has made no commitment of extended financial assistance to privately-sponsored refugees, a significant financial burden instead falls to private sponsors.

Canada’s recent failures regarding refugee protection do not stop there.  Changes to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act have also limited the rights of refugees in a number of crucial areas, including excessively onerous requirements for documentation of persecution and limitations on access to publicly-funded health-care for many refugee claimants.   The international refugee regime is based on the principle of burden-sharing; at the moment the government of Canada is burden-shirking.

Our country’s ability to act in response to a large-scale humanitarian and displacement crisis is unchanged since our previous mobilizations, and Canadians are desperate to assist once again.  This is evidenced by the groundswell of support for family sponsorship by individual “Groups of Five” and organisations such as Lifeline Syria, universities, and community groups across the country.  What is more, provincial leaders and mayors have spoken out in strong support of increased resettlement commitments.

The recent changes announced by your government, including the increase in the numbers of staff processing applications and the prima facie recognition of Syrians who have fled their country as refugees, are positive steps, but they are far from sufficient.  And the 10,000 number (which was publicized as if it were a new commitment to refugee resettlement) does not constitute a net increase, only a reallocation of previous refugee commitments in order to focus on Syrian refugees (to the exclusion of other refugee communities equally in need of our help).  Your government has emphasized that its approach to refugee assistance is “responsible”; in reality, security issues become an excuse to avoid doing our share.

Far more must be done, both in terms of the number of refugees we agree to resettle and in terms of how quickly we get them here.  Resources on the ground in many refugee receiving states are running low, and life becomes more and more unbearable by the day for many refugees.  In the absence of resettlement opportunities and other durable solutions to their forced displacement, refugees fleeing war and cruelty in their home countries are turning to extreme measures.  It is estimated that since January 2015 more than 2800 refugees have died attempting the treacherous sea crossing to Europe.  The photo of Alan Kurdi, the young Syrian boy whose extended family was rejected for Canadian refugee resettlement and who died as his family then attempted to make the perilous crossing to Europe, was a much-overdue reminder of the interconnectedness of refugee protection worldwide.  Our geographical distance from the epicentres of the displacement crisis is no excuse for failing to act.  Further, some of our most experienced security and military experts have argued emphatically that security concerns can be managed effectively and quickly and are not a reason for inaction.  As Antonio Guterres, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, stated in a direct plea to Canada for assistance on 25 September 2015, “the world needs Canada’s help like never before”.

As members of university and college communities we have witnessed, and have participated in, the grassroots organising to support refugee resettlement that has united Canadians of all backgrounds and walks of life in recent months.  This refugee crisis has pushed our students, faculty members and staff to action in extraordinary ways.  But we need the Canadian government to take the lead on this, both operationally and financially.

We call for:

– a significant increase in the number of refugees to be resettled in Canada;

– legislative and logistical measures to be put in place to have those refugees in Canada by the end of 2015 (including in-camp processing and the use of airlifts or cruise ships for transport);  and

– a radical expansion of the amount of government financial assistance provided to resettled refugees, including those assisted through private sponsorships.

Yours sincerely,

Anneke Smit, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Reem Bahdi, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

John Cerone, Paul Martin Senior Professor in International Affairs and Law, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor/Visiting Professor of International Law, The Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, Tufts University

Pascale Chapdelaine, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

William Conklin, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Jasminka Kalajdzic, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Tom Kuttner, Resident Fellow, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Maggie Liddle, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor 

Julie Macfarlane, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Claire Mummé, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Jillian Rogin, Lawyer, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Gemma Smyth, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Sara Wharton, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Sujith Xavier, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

AND

Esam Abdel-Raheem, Professor, Faculty of Engineering, University of Windsor

Imran Abdool, Sessional Instructor, Odette School of Business, Department of Economics, University of Windsor

Walid Abdul-Kader, Professor, MAME, University of Windsor

Arash Abizadeh, Associate Professor, Political Science, McGill University

Alana Abramson, Instructor, Criminology, Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Barry Adam, Distinguished University Professor, Sociology, University of Windsor

Philip Adamson, Associate Professor, School of Creative Arts, University of Windsor

Judith Adler Hellman, Professor, Political and Social Science, York University

Maroussia Ahmed, Professor Emerita, Humanities, McMaster University

Ruba Ali Al-Hassani, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Greg Allain, Professor, Sociologie, Université de Moncton

Paul Allen, Associate Professor, Theological Studies, Concordia University

Edward Andrew, Professor Emeritus, Political Science, University of Toronto

Kirsten Anker, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Efrat Arbel, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia, Allard School of Law

Ali Arya, Associate Professor, Information Technology, Carleton University

Idil Atak, Assistant Professor, Department of Criminology, Ryerson University

Lisa Austin, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Sasha Baglay, Associate Professor, Social Science and Humanities, UOIT

Denyse Baillargeon, Professeure Titulaire, Histoire, Université de Montréal

Vladimir Bajic, Associate Professor, Economics, University of Windsor

Natasha Bakht, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Amelie Barras, Assistant Professor, Social Science, York University

Sarah Barrere, Ph.D, Faculté de Droit, Université de Montréal

Betty Jo Barrett, Associate Professor, Women and Gender Studies, University of Windsor

Robert Barsky, Professor, Department of French and Italian; School of Law, Vanderbilt

Tanya Basok, Professor, Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology, University of Windsor

Karine Bates, Associate Professor, Anthropology, Université de Montréal

Herald Bauder, Academic Director and Professor, Ryerson Centre for Immigration and Settlement; Immigration and Settlement Studies Program, Ryerson University

Ronald Beiner, Professor, Political Science, University of Toronto

Véronique Bélanger, Assistant Dean (Strategic Planning), Faculty of Law, McGill University

Amanda Bergmann, MA Student, NPSIA, Carleton University

Jeff Berryman, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Amar Bhatia, Assistant Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Karen Bird, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, McMaster University

Vaughan Black, Professor, Faculty of Law, Dalhousie University

Adelle Blackett, Full Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Malcolm Blincow, Associate Professor (Emeritus), Anthropology, York University

Bill Bogart, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Anna Bogic, Ph.D candidate, Institute of Feminist and Gender Studies, University of Ottawa

Anne-Marie Boisvert, Professeure Titukaire, Faculté de droit, Université de Montréal

Pierre Boulos, Special Advisor Research Ethics Education and Internationalization CTL/REB, University of Windsor

Susan B. Boyd, Professor Emerita, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia

Megan Bradley, Assistant Professor, Political Science, McGill University

Deborah Brock, Associate Professor, LAPS, York University

Brian A. Brown, Assistant Professor, Department of Communication, Media & Film, University of Windsor

Meyer Brownstone, Professor Emeritus, Political Science, University of Toronto

William Arthur Bruneau, Professor Emeritus, Educational Studies, University of British Columbia

Sarah Buhler, Assistant Professor, College of Law, University of Saskatchewan

Christina Burr, Associate Professor, History, University of Windsor

David Butz, Professor, Social Sciences, Brock University

Frances Cachon, Women’s & Gender Studies, University of Windsor

Bonnie Campbell, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Quebec in Montreal

Dominique Caouette, Professeur Agrégé, Science Politique, Université de Montréal

Joseph H. Carens, Professor, Political Science, University of Toronto

Nicole Carignan, Full Professor, Faculty of Education, York University

Richard J. Caron, Professor, Science, University of Windsor

Marie-Eve Carrier-Moisan, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University

Rupp Carriveau, Associate Professor, Engineering, University of Windsor

Irina Ceric, Faculty Member, Criminology Department, Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Peter Chaban, Researcher, Community Health, The Hospital for Sick Children

R. Cheran, Associate Professor, Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology, University of Windsor

Aldo Chircop, Professor of Law, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Annalee Coakley, Doctor, Family Medicine, University of Calgary

Mary Anne Coffey, Contract Faculty, Arts and Professional Studies, York University

Rina Cohen, Associate Professor, Sociology, York University

Tanja Collet, Associate Professor, French Studies, University of Windsor

Lynda Collins, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Nancy Cook, Associate Professor, Sociology, Brock University

Lauren Corman, Associate Professor, Sociology, Brock University

Brenda Cossman, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Gerald Cradock, Associate Professor, Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology, University of Windsor

Francois Crepeau, Hans & Tamar Oppenheimer Professor of Public International Law, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Patricia M. Daenzer, Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Social Work, McMaster University

Michèle Dagenais, Professeure Titulaire, Histoire, Université de Montréal

Isolde Daiski, Professor Emerita, Faculty of Health, York University

Carol Margaret Davison, Professor and Head, Department of English Language, Literature, and Creative Writing, University of Windsor

Louise de la Gorgendiere, Associate Professor, Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University

Lorna de Witt, Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, University of Windsor

Amber Dean, Assistant Professor, English and Cultural Studies, McMaster University

Nadine Deleury, Music Instructor, Faculty of Music, Oakland University

Annette Demers, Associate Dean Law Library and Legal Research Services, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Gene Desfor, Professor Emeritus, Environmental Studies, York University

Godefroy Desrosiers-Lauzon, Chargé de cours, History, UQAM, Université d’Ottawa, Université de Montréal

Richard Devlin, Professor, Faculty of Law, Dalhousie University

Alexandra Dobrowolsky, Professor, Political Science, Saint Mary’s University

Stefan Dolgert, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Brock University

Nancy C. Doubleday, HOPE Chair in Peace and Health, and Associate Professor, Philosophy, McMaster University

Stephanie Doucet, Associate Professor, Biological Sciences, University of Windsor

Richard Douglass-Chin, English, University of Windsor

Jocelyn Downie, Professor, Faculty of Law, Dalhousie University

Janice Drakich, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of Windsor

P. Duerr, Assistant Librarian, York University Libraries, York University

Kathryn Edmunds, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, University of Windsor

Maher El-Masri, Professor and Nursing Research Cair, Faculty of Nursing, University of Windsor

W. ElMaraghy, Professor, Engineering, University of Windsor

Karen Engle, Associate Professor, School of Creative Arts, University of Windsor

Rachel Engler-Stringer, Associate Professor, Community Health and Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan

Diane Enns, Associate Professor, Philosophy, McMaster University

Joanna Erdman, Assistant Professor, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Secil Ertorer, Assistant Professor, Sociology, York University

Hilary Evans Cameron, Doctoral Candidate, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Mohammad Fadel, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Michael Fakhri, Associate Professor, Law, Univeristy of Oregon

Susan Fast, Professor, English and Cultural Studies/Gender Studies, McMaster University

Christopher Faulkner, Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Carleton University

Colleen M. Flood, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Marco Fonseca, Professor, International Studies, Glendon, York University

Craig Forcese, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Cristie Ford, Associate Professor and Director, Centre for Business Law, Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia

Anne Forrest, Associate professor, Women’s and Gender Studies, University of Windsor

Véronique Fortin, Professor, Faculty of Law, Université de Sherbrooke

Donna Franey, Executive Director, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie Legal Aid Service

Jean Freed, Lecturer, Finance, Concordia University

Lisa Freeman, Criminology, Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Ruth Frager, Associate Professor, History, McMaster University

Doreen Fumia, Professor, Sociology, Ryerson University

Jeannette Gaudet, Associate Professor, Arts and Humanities, St. Thomas University

Elisabeth Gedge, Associate Professor, Philosophy, McMaster University

Faouzi Ghrib, Associate Professor, Civil and Enviromental Engineering, University of Windsor

Natalie  Giannotti, Lecturer, Nursing, University of Windsor

Elaine Gibson, Associate Professor, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Christine Gibson, Medicine, University of Calgary

Larry Arthur Glassford, Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Windsor

Jean Golden, Professor, Sociology, Ryerson University

Luin Goldring, Associate Professor, Sociology, York University

Marcia  Gragg, Assistant Professor, Psychology, University of Windsor

Catherine Graham, Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities, McMaster University

Barb Graham, Professor English/Communications, Community Studies, St. Clair College

Catherine-Lune Grayson, Invited Researcher, Cerium, Université de Montréal

Allan Greenbaum, Contract Faculty, Social Science and Environmental Studies, York University

Jordana Greenblatt, Writing Instructor, New College Writing Centre and St. Michael’s College Writing Centre, University of Toronto

Heather Greene, Professor, English, St. Clair College

Colin Grey, Professeur, Sciences Juridiques, UQÀM

Julia Grignon, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Université Laval

Ricardo Grinspun, Associate Professor, Economics, York University

Julie Guard, Associate Professor, History and Labour Studies, University of Manitoba

Marcello Guarini, Philosophy, University of Windsor

David Guetter, Sessional Lecturer, Philosophy, University of Windsor

Malini Guha, Assistant Professor, Film Studies, Carleton University

DeLloyd J. Guth, Professor of Law and Legal History, Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba

Rita Haase, Women’s Studies, University of Windsor

Michael Hadskis, Assistant Professor, School of Health Administration, Dalhousie University

Blayne  Haggart, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Brock University

Paul Hamilton, Associate Professor, Political Science, Brock University

Will Hanley, Assistant Professor, History, Florida State University

Jill Hanley, Associate Professor, School of Social Work, McGill University

Hans Vihelm Hansen, Professor, Philosophy, University of Windsor

Francis Hare, Professor, FCS, Ryerson University

Douglas Harris, Nathan T. Nemetz Chair in Legal History, Peter A. Allard School of Law, The University of British Columbia

Shereen Hassan, Faculty Member, Criminology, Kwantlen Polytechnic university

Bethany Hastie, Lecturer, Faculty of Law, UBC

Heather Heavin, Associate Professor, Law, University of Saskatchewan

Gerald Heckman, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba

Jane Helleiner, Sociology, Brock University

Judy Hellman, Professor, Political and Social Science, York University

Stephen Hellman, Professor Emeritus, Political Science, York University

Kai Hildebrandt, Emeritus Associate Professor, Communications, Media and Film, University of Windsor

Faiza Hirji, Associate Professor, Communication Studies and Multimedia, McMaster University

Felix Hoehn, Assistant Professor, College of Law, University of Saskatchewan

Susan M. Holloway, Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Windsor

Catherine Hundleby, Associate Professor, Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, University of Windsor

Suzan Ilcan, Professor, Sociology and Legal Studies, University of Waterloo

Martha Jackman, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Laverne Jacobs, Associate Professor & Director of Graduate Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Sanjay Jeram, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Brock University

Cameron Johnston, Special Assistant Professor, Social Science, York University

Dusty Johnstone, Women’s and Gender Studies, University of Windsor

Sharalyn Jordan, Assistant Professor, Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, Simon Fraser University

Mark Jurdjevic, Associate Professor, History, York University

Steve Kaldestad, Faculty, Jazz Studies, Capilano University

Charis Kamphuis, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Thompson Rivers University

Lara Karaian, Associate Professor, Institute of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Carleton University

Karim H. Karim, Professor, School of Journalism & Communication, Carleton University

Ali Kazimi, Chair & Associate Professor, Dept. of Cinema & Media Arts, York University

Magdalena Kazubowski-Houston, Associate Professor, Theatre, York University

Amar Khoday, Assistant Professor, Law, University of Manitoba

Monica Kidd, Clinical Associate Professor, Medicine, University of Calgary

Rebecca Kingston, Professor, Political Science, University of Toronto

Paul Kingston, Associate Professor, Political Science, University of Toronto

Kyle Kirkup, 2013 Trudeau Scholar, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Laurence J. Kirmayer, James McGill Professor, Psychiatry, McGill University

Brigitte Kitchen, Social Work, York University

Asad Kiyani, Visiting Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Western Ontario

John Kleefeld, Associate Professor, Law, University of Saskatchewan

Melanie Knight, Assistant Professor, Sociology, Ryerson University

Mustafa Koc, Professor, Sociology, Ryerson University

Freya Kodar, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Victoria

Jane Ku , Associate Professor, Sociology/Women’s Studies, University of Windsor

Shauna Labman, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba

Fannie Lafontaine, Professor, Law, Laval University

Celine Lafontaine, Professor, Sociology, Université de Montréal

Kathryn Lafreniere, Professor, Psychology Dept., University of Windsor

Phebe Lam, Learning Specialist, Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Science, University of Windsor

Lucie Lamarche, Professor, Faculty of Political Science and Law, UQAM

Helena Lamed, Associate Professor (Professional), Faculty of Law, McGill University

Peter Landstreet, Associate Professor Emeritus, Sociology, York University

Lenore Langs, Instructor, FASS, University of Windsor

Francois Larocque, Vice Dean and Professor, Faculty of Law, Common Law Section, University of Ottawa

Yvan Leanza, Professor, School of Psychology, Université Laval

Louis Lefeber, Professor Emeritus, Economics, York University

Stephane Lemelin, Professor of Piano, Schulich School of Music, McGill University

Trudo Lemmens, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Vicki Leung, Reference Librarian, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Dana Levin, PhD, Social Work, University of Windsor

Richard Lewis, Associate Professor, Communication, Media and Film, University of Windsor

Jamie Liew, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Carla Lipsig-Mumme, Professor, Social Science, York University

Mary Liston, Assistant Professor, Peter A. Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia

Andrew Lui, Lecturer, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto

Michael Lynk, Professor, Faculty of Law, Western University

Catherine Lysack, Professor, Health Care Sciences, Wayne State University

John Lysack, Clinical Associate Professor, Medicine, University of Calgary

Michael Ma, Instructor, Criminology, Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Willem  Maas, Jean Monnet Chair & Associate Professor, Glendon College, York University

Cathie Macaulay, Guest lecturer, Theological Studies, Concordia University

A. Wayne MacKay, Professor, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Audrey Macklin, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Laura Madokoro, Assistant Professor, Department of History and Classical Studies, McGill University

Ingrid Makus, Associate Professor, Political Science, Brock University

Ruth Mann, Associate Professor, Faculty Arts Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Windsor

John Manwaring, Professor, Faculty of Law, Common Law, University of Ottawa

Gabriel Marin, Contractual Professor, Department of History, Royal Military College

Nicole Markotic, Professor, English Language, Literature, and Creative Writing, University of Windsor

Ruth Marshall, Associate Professor, Political Science, University of Toronto

Isabelle Martin, Professor, School of Industrial Relations, University of Montreal

Heidi Matthews, British Academy Newton International Fellow, School of Law, SOAS, University of London

Richard Matthews, Centre for Healthcare Ethics, Lakehead University

Hélène  Mayrand, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Sherbrooke

Karen McClellan, Program Leader, Learning Through the Arts, The Royal Conservatory

Brian McDonough, Sessional lecturer, Theological Studies Department, Concordia University

Stephen McEachern, Professor, Advertising, Marketing and Commuications Management, St. Clair College

Trevor McFadyen, Lectuer, Odette School of Business, University of Windsor

Susan McGrath, Professor, Centre for Refugee Studies, York University

Liam McHugh-Russell, Researcher, Law Department, European University Institute

Derek McKee, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Université de Sherbrooke

Janet McLaughlin, Assistant Professor, Human and Social Sciences, Wilfrid Laurier University

Nancy McNevin, Associate Professor, Human Kinetics, University of Windsor

David Meren, Professeur Adjoint, Histoire, Université de Montréal

Jeffrey B. Meyers, Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia

E. Milios, Professor, Computer Science, Dalhousie University

Malcolm Miller, Mathematics, Saint Thomas University

Sung Min Bae, Professor, School of Creative Arts, University of Windsor

Kiran Mirchandani, Professor, OISE, University of Toronto

Richard Moon, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Jason Morris, Professor, Community Studies, St. Clair College

Mary Jane Mossman, Professor of Law, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Víctor M. Muñiz-Fraticelli, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and Faculty of Law, McGill University

Karen Murray, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, York University

Tom Najem, Associate Professor, Political Science, University of Windsor

Luciara Nardon, Associate Professor, Sprott School of Business, Carleton University

Jennifer Nedelsky, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Lorne Neudorf, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Thompson Rivers University

Stewart Neufeld, Assistant Professor, Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University

Sévérien Nkurunziza, Professor, Math & Statistics, University of Windsor

Yanick   Noiseux, Professeur Adjoint, Sociologie, Université de Montréal

Jeff Noonan, Professor, Philosophy, University of Windsor

Liisa L. North, Professor Emeritus, Political Science, York University

Paul D. Ocheje, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Ubaka Ogbogu, Assistant Professor, Faculties of Law and Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta

Obiora Okafor, Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Deborah Orr, Assistant Professor, LA&PS Humanities, York University

Diego Osorio, Advisor, Consultant, Fellow, Adjunct Lecturer Humanitarian Issues

Marie-Jo Ouiment, Doctor, Public Health, University of Montreal

Umut Ozsu, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba

John Packer, Associate Professor of Law and Director, Human Rights Research and Education Centre, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Genevieve Painter, Visiting Scholar, PhD Candidate, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Sylvie Paquerot, Professeure Agrégée, École d’Études Politiques, Université d’Ottawa

Louise I. Paradis, Professeure, Anthropologie, Université de Montréal

Victoria Paraschak, Kinesiology, University of Windsor

Debra Parkes, Associate Dean (Research & Graduate Studies), Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba

Carmela Patrias, Professor, History, Brock University

Viviana Patroni, Associate Professor, Department of Social Science, York University

Mark Peacock, Professor, Social Science, York University

Linda Peake, Professor, Social Science, York University

Stephen Pender, Associate Professor, English, University of Windsor

Jim Phillips, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Karen Pillon, Head, Access Services Leddy Library, University of Windsor

Johanne Poirier, Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Hilda Joyce Portilla, Part-time Professor, Sociology and Anthropology, University of Ottawa

Christopher Powell, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Ryerson University

Kerry Preibisch, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph

Anna Purkey, Gordon Henderson Postdoctoral Fellow, Human Rights Research and Education Centre, University of Ottawa

Tim Quigley, Professor Emeritus, College of Law, University of Saskatchewan

Yakov Rabkin, Full Professor, History, Université de Montréal

Gyllian  Raby, Associate Professor, Dramatic Arts, Brock University

Mary-Beth Raddon, Associate Professor, Sociology, Brock University

Nurunnisa Raj, Medical resident, Department of Family medicine, University of Calgary

Melanie Randall, Professor, Faculty of Law, Western University

Denise Réaume, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Aranzazu Recalde, SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Darryl Reed, Professor, Liberal Arts and Professional Studies, York University

Art Rhyno, Systems Librarian, Leddy Library, University of Windsor

Nathalie Ricard, Lecturer, Anthropology, Université Laval

Lee Rodney, Associate Professor, School of Creative Arts, University of Windsor

Cristina Rojas, Professor, Political Science, Carleton University

Harriet G. Rosenberg, Professor Emerita, Social Science, York University

Emily Rosser, Visiting Research Fellow, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame

Antonio Rossini, Associate Professor, Head, Languages, Literatures and Cultures, University of Windsor

Nicole Rourke, Professor, Business & Marketing, St.Clair College

Carolyne Rourke, President, Windsor Endowment for the Arts, Windsor-Essex County Community

Anver Saloojee, Professor, Politics and Public Administration, Ryerson University

Karlee Sapoznik, Assistant Professor, History, Université de Saint-Boniface

Emily Satterthwaite, Assistant Professor Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Alan Scoboria, Associate Professor, Psychology, University of Windsor

Dayna N. Scott, Associate Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Sonya Scott, Social Science, York University

Charlene Senn, Professor, Psychology, University of Windsor

Martha Shaffer, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

William Shaffir, Professor, Sociology, Mcmaster University

Marina Sharpe, DPhil Candidate and Trudeau Scholar, Faculty of Law, University of Oxford

Jacob Shelley, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Western University

Colleen Sheppard, Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Stephanie Silverman, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa

Danielle Sirek, Faculty of Education, University of Windsor

Harini Sivalingam, PhD Student, Socio-Legal Studies, York University

Harry Smaller, Associate Professor (Emeritus), Faculty of Education, York University

Kendall Soucie, Assistant Professor, Psychology, University of Windsor

Jennifer Soutter, Librarian, Leddy Library, University of Windsor

Marc Spooner, Associate Professor, Education, University of Regina

Daiva Stasiulis, Professor, Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University

Konstantinidis Stavros, Professor, Mathematics and Computing Science, Saint Mary’s University

Jennifer A. Stephen, Associate Professor, Department of History, York University

Erica Stevens Abbitt, Associate Professor, School of Dramatic Art, University of Windsor

Anna Su, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Marilyn A. Sutton, Sessional Instructor, Nursing, Universdity of Windsor

Robert C.H. Sweeny, Professor of History, Faculty of Arts, Memorial University of Newfoundland

Marie-Eve Sylvestre, Associate Professor and Associate Dean, Research, Faculty of Law (Civil Law Section), University of Ottawa

MarijkeTaks, Professor, Kinesiology, University of Windsor

David Tanovich, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Evangelia Tastsoglou, Professor, Sociology and Criminology, Saint Mary’s University

Patrick Taylor, Associate Professor, Humanities, York University

Guillaume Teasdale, Assistant Professor, History, University of Windsor

Matthew Tegelberg, Social Science, York University

Thomas Teo, Professor, Psychology, York University

Sara Terreault, Lecturer, Theological Studies, Concordia University

Kristi Thompson, Librarian, Leddy Library, University of Windsor

Michael Trebilcock, Professor of Law and Economics, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

James L. Turk, Distinguished Visiting Professor, FCAD, Ryerson University

Lorna A. Turnbull, Dean of Law, University of Manitoba

Natasha Tusikov, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Brock University

Vappu Tyyska, Professor, Sociology, Ryerson University

Esther Van Eek, Assosciate Professor, Dramatic Art, University of Windsor

Shauna Van Praagh, Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Joao Velloso, Assistant Professor, Common Law, University of Ottawa

Jim Vernon, Associate Professor, Philosophy, York University

Michel Verrette, Doyen, Université de Saint-Boniface

Anne Vespry, Paralegal, Algonquin Careers Academy

Peter A. Victor, Ph.D, Environmental Studies, York University

Kent Walker, Associate Professor, Management, University of Windsor

Christopher Waters, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

Daniel Weinstock, James McGill Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University

Richard Weisman, Professor Emeritus, Social Science, York University

Donald  Wells, Professor, Labour Studies & Political Science, McMaster University

Susan Wendt-Hildebrandt, Emerita Associate Professor, Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, University of Windsor

Bob White, Full Professor, Anthropology, Université de Montréal

Melissa Williams, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Toronto

Larry Wilson, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor

James Winter, Professor, Communication, Media & Film, University of Windsor

Ruth Wolfe, Instructor & MPH Practice Director, School of Public Health, University of Alberta

Stepan Wood, Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University

Lesley Wood, Associate Professor, Sociology, York University

Andrew Woolford, Professor, Sociology, University of Manitoba

Jeremy Donald Worth, Associate Professor, Languages, University of Windsor

Wade Wright, SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Margot Young, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia

Banfield Younghusband, Professor (Retired), Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland

Marie-Joelle Zahar, Professor, Political Science, Université de Montréal

Peter Zimmerman, Head, Information Services, Leddy Library, University of Windsor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FULL TEXT OF LETTER AND SIGNATURES